Release Models

Release Models

Development in OpenStack is organized around 6-month cycles (like “kilo”). At the end of every 6-month cycle a number of projects release at the same time, providing a convenient reference point for downstream teams (stable branch maintenance, vulnerability management) and downstream users (in particular packagers of OpenStack distributions).

This “final” release may be the only release of the development cycle, in which case the project publishes intermediary “development milestones” on a time-based schedule during the cycle. Or the project may release more often and make intermediary releases in the middle of the cycle. Other projects trail the main release deadline, waiting for the final releases of components on which they rely.

A given deliverable can’t have more than one model. It therefore must choose between one of the following models. A number of rules apply based on what the deliverable is and which bucket of the OpenStack map it falls in:

  • Components appearing in the openstack bucket in the OpenStack map form the main components of an OpenStack cloud, and therefore should follow the release cycle. They need to pick between cycle-with-rc or cycle-with-intermediary models.
  • Libraries cannot use RCs or trail the release. They need to pick between cycle-with-intermediary and independent release models. Libraries with strong ties to OpenStack should prefer the cycle-with-intermediary model, while generally-useful libraries should prefer the independent model.
  • Only deployment or lifecycle-management components are allowed to trail the cycle. Therefore only components appearing in the openstack-lifecyclemanagement bucket on the OpenStack map are allowed to use the cycle-trailing model.

cycle-with-rc

The “cycle-with-rc” model describes projects that produce a single release at the end of the cycle, with one or more release candidates (RC) close to the end of the cycle and optional development milestone betas published on a per-project need.

  • “cycle-with-rc” projects commit to publish at least one release candidate following a predetermined schedule published by the Release Management team before the start of the cycle.
  • “cycle-with-rc” projects commit to produce a release to match the end of the development cycle.
  • Release tags for deliverables using this tag are reviewed and applied by the Release Management team.

cycle-with-milestones (legacy)

Note

The cycle-with-milestones release model is no longer used and is kept here for historical reference. Projects should now use cycle-with-rc.

The “cycle-with-milestones” model described projects that produced a single release at the end of the cycle, with development milestones published at predetermined times in the cycle schedule.

  • “cycle-with-milestones” projects committed to publish development milestones following a predetermined schedule published by the Release Management team before the start of the 6-month cycle.
  • “cycle-with-milestones” projects committed to produce a release to match the end of the 6-month development cycle.
  • Release tags for deliverables using this tag were reviewed and applied by the Release Management team.
  • Projects using milestones were expected to tag at least 2 out of the 3 for each cycle, or risk being dropped as an official project. The release team would remind projects that miss the first milestone, and create tags on any later milestones for the project team by tagging HEAD at the time of the deadline. If the release team force-created 2 tags for a project in the same given development cycle, the project would be treated as inactive and the release team would recommend dropping it from the official project list.

cycle-with-intermediary

The “cycle-with-intermediary” model describes projects that produce multiple full releases during the development cycle, with a final release to match the end of the cycle.

  • “cycle-with-intermediary” projects commit to produce a release near the end of the 6-month development cycle to be used with projects using the other cycle-based release models that are required to produce a release at that time.
  • Release tags for deliverables using this tag are reviewed and applied by the Release Management team.

cycle-trailing

The “cycle-trailing” model is used by projects producing OpenStack packaging, installation recipes or lifecycle management tools. Those still do one release for every development cycle, but they can’t release until OpenStack itself is released.

  • “cycle-trailing” projects commit to produce a release no later than 3 months after the main release.
  • Release tags for deliverables using this tag are reviewed and applied by the Release Management team.

independent

Some projects opt to completely bypass the 6-month cycle and release independently. For example, that is the case of projects that support the development infrastructure. The “independent” model describes such projects.

  • “independent” projects produce releases from time to time.
  • Release tags for deliverables using this tag are managed without oversight from the Release Management team.

untagged

Some CI tools are used only from source and never tag releases, but need to create stable branches.

Transition between release models

Adding Deliverables

In order to be considered to be included in the release for a given series, the project must be documented by adding a deliverable file to this repository before the second milestone of the series.

Projects created or added to governance after the second milestone should be released using the independent release model, and then changed to one of the cycle-based models at the start of the next cycle.

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

Except where otherwise noted, this document is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. See all OpenStack Legal Documents.